U.S. foreign assistance to Madagascar in Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 will total approximately $71 million. This document provides a brief snapshot of current programs, and is designed to assist Mission employees to better understand the scope of USG work here.
U.S. Agency for International Development: USAID provides roughly $71 million for programs in several key areas, including $17 million in P.L. 480 Title II Food Aid.
- Health (FY12: $60 million): The program promotes: safe pregnancy and delivery services to protect mothers and newborns, broader immunization coverage, improved nutrition, better prevention and treatment of infectious diseases – especially malaria, diarrhea, pneumonia and HIV/AIDS – and access to clean water and sanitation. Activities work at the national level, in selected cities, and in over 800 rural communes covering 10 million people.
- Social Services for Vulnerable Populations (FY12: $1.1 million): This is part of a new 5-year food aid program launched in 2009 which is intended to benefit 2,500 food insecure families by reducing chronic poverty and helping households access social and economic services. Households in urban areas will receive food rations and essential skills training such as household financing, banking, income generating activities and agriculture.
- Agriculture and Infrastructure (FY12: $7 million):Rehabilitation and construction of 1,450 kilometers of roads by 2014 in rural areas is another key goal of the food aid program, which will improve access to health and education services, and permit poor households to market surplus agricultural production. Sustainable agricultural production is also emphasized. This includes diversifying production; using environmentally friendly production techniques; and discouraging the “slash and burn” technique of land clearing, a significant threat to Madagascar’s fragile environment. The program is expected to benefit 79,000 farmers and 3,000 pastoralists.
- Disaster Mitigation and Planning (FY12: $1.6 million): The food aid program also helps communities prepare for and mitigate the effects of disasters. Cyclones can accentuate regular seasonal food insecurity due to damage from wind and flooding. This program helps communities plan for shocks by developing early warning systems; reinforcing houses, roads and irrigation dams; or establishing cash reserves for emergencies through village savings and loan groups. By 2014 this assistance is expected to benefit over 544 vulnerable communities.